Gemeinde Erdmannhausen
    
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Altes Erdmannhausen
Altes Erdmannhausen
816
Erdmannhausen is first mentioned. The German Emperor Ludwig the Pious, signs a deed of donation and thereby assigns the feudal rights of formerly called “Ercka[n]mereshausen” to the monastery of Murrhardt including church and manor.
The meaning of the place name is “houses / settlement of Erkanmar“. The name developed over several stages by assimilation to the name Erdmann (Hartmann) changing to Erdmerßhusen (in 1494), to Ertmanshusen (in 1528) and Ertmanhausen (in 1699). The genitive-s in  Erdmannshausen is still documented in the 20th century. The name is a composition of the old roots 'erkan' which means “authentic, pure, precious” and '-mâr(a)' meaning “famous, popular”; -hausen / -husen” is a plural form of “house”.

972
“Balderichvertrag“: On January 29, 972, several towns on the left bank of the Rhine are granted to deacon Wolvald as fiefs via contract by bishop Balderich of Speyer. In return, Wolvald assigns his property in Marbach to Speyer’s Episcopal Church, including the socage court, and twelve further towns in the Neckar-Murr area, e.g. Benningen, Steinheim, Weikershausen (near Erdmannhausen), Erdmannhausen, Affalterbach, Rielingshausen and Aspach. But Wolvald keeps his usufruct until his death.

Approx. 1100–1279
Wernher de Erckmarshusen (1105-20), Wolfram de Erchemerhusen (1241) and Albrecht Känlin called von Ertmarshusen (1279) form the town’s nobility. They can be regarded as vassals with Wolfram at the latest. Their manor is situated near the old town hall and the former town well. On either side of “Mittelgasse”, which forms the axis between manor and church, new farms are built. 

13th century
The construction of the St. Januariuskirche starts. The first part being built is the massive church tower. But already before this, Erdmannhausen had a wooden church. For further information visit the website of the
Januariuskirche.
 
1390
When Brennmaul II. of Oßweil dies, a quarter of Erdmannhausen, which has been a possession of the lords of Oßweil as a fief from Württemberg since 1366, is given back to the former owners.
 
1425
Conrad of Sontheim sells his half of Erdmannhausen to Württemberg and Johann of Vennigen sells his quarter to Württemberg as well. From now on, Erdmannhausen is the property of the counts of Württemberg.

1473
The Bugmühle, originally called Buchmühle (i.e. mill situated near beeches), is mentioned for the first time.

1517-1634
An aslar situated at the south-west corner of the Januariuskirche served as a contemporary chronicle with inscriptions of years and events that were fateful for the citizens. For detailed information about these catastrophies visit the website of th
e Januariuskirche.

1525
During the Peasant War, numerous Erdmannhausen citizens join the “Bottwartaler Haufe” under the leadership of the innkeeper Matern Feuerbacher of Großbottwar. After the fatal defeat of the "peasants" of Württemberg in the battle near Böblingen on 12  May, 17 of the captured Erdmannhausen insurgents are brought to trial in Marbach. They are severely fined.

1534
Reformation in Württemberg. Peter Gscheidlin is the first Lutheran minister  in  Erdmannhausen.

1555
The patronage of the monastery of Murrhardt on Erdmannhausen ends. The Lutheran abbot sells the church and the “Kaplanei” of Erdmannhausen to Duke Christoph. Thus after the end of the secularized authority by the counts of Württemberg in 1425, the ecclesiastical authority of Murrhardt comes to an end, too. The flag of Erdmannhausen symbolizes this history. It is designed and fixed in 1954 by the municipal council together with the state of Württemberg government. One can see a “Hirschstange”, the old Württemberg coat of arms, and an “Abststab” symolizing  the power and the dignity of the abbot of Murrhardt.
 
1580
The Great Hardtwaldt Order, i.e. an important order of the collectively owned Hardtwald, is established in detail and length. It rules the rights and duties of the 7 owners of this wood, i.e. the municipalities of Marbach, Pleidelsheim, Steinheim, Erdmannhausen, Murr, Benningen and Beihingen.

Altes Rathaus
Altes Rathaus
1582
The town hall is first mentioned. It is a half-timbered construction with the first floor being built of stone. It is situated at the northern end of Rathausgasse.

1622
Erdmannhausen has 630 inhabitants.

1618-1648
Thirty Years’ War
  • In 1626, 253 citizens of Erdmannhausen die, i.e. 40 % of the inhabitants. Most probably, they die from a plague brought in by one of the troops.
  •  In 1634, men of Erdmannhausen fight in the militia of Württemberg against the imperial-catholic army. They lose the fatal battle near Nördlingen. Many inhabitants of Erdmannhausen did not return – but the exact number is not known.
  • In 1635, imperial soldiers camp in Erdmannhausen and act like vandals.
  • In 1644, the vicarage burns down.
  •  In 1655, only 13 habitable buildings remain (in 629, there were 95). The number of inhabitants decreases from 630 to 89.
1693  
French troops invade the governing district of Marbach during the War of the Palatine Succession (1688-1697). The complete town is razed to the ground. In Erdmannhausen, four barns and eight residential houses burn down. The church, the city hall and all other buildings are robbed.

1702
Erdmannhausen has 337 inhabitants.

1786
Duke Carl Eugen sells the regiment "Württemberg", the so-called “Kapregiment” (1786-1808), to the Dutch East India Company which has to protect their establishments oversea. Four citizens of Erdmannhausen enlist for service in this new regiment which perishes almost completely in the course of the following years. None of the four has ever seen his home country again.

1808
Erdmannhausen has 1,004 inhabitants.
With the nomination of Pastor M. Friedrich Reichenbach, his vicarage becomes a cultural centre. The outstanding persons are the three siblings Reichenbach – Friedrich and Johanna Franziska, both unmarried – and Ludovike Simanowiz, neé Reichenbach, a well- known Swabian painter who cares for her sick husband for years.They often talk with the minister of Affalterbach, Pastor Johann Gottfried Pahl, about literature, the arts and about the politics of despotic King Friedrich I of Württemberg.

1812
12 citizens of Erdmannhausen become soldiers in the division of Württemberg consisting of 15.800 men. This division is part of the Grand Army of Napoleon I during his campaign against Russia. The French emperor is defeated and nearly the complete division of Württemberg perishes. None of the soldiers from Erdmannhausen ever returns home.

1813
The churchyard is replaced by a new cemetery at the northern end of the town. It has to be expanded time and again. Only in exceptional cases, people are still buried in the old churchyard, e.g. Pastor Friedrich Reichenbach in 1839.

1830/1831
The new schoolhouse is built in Schulstrasse near the church.

1837
Building of the municipal bakehouse near the church and the vicarage.

1863
The new Schweißbrücke, which meant "Swabian Bridge", is inaugurated.

1870-1871
German-Franch War
France declares war on Prussia in 1870. Württemberg belongs to those southern German states that join Prussia in this War. They defeat France. Erdmannhausen loses three citizens.

1878
Foundation of the newly organized “Pflichtfeuerwehr”, i.e. an obligatory fire brigade.

1881
Herrmann Pfähler, administrator by profession, is appointed village mayor. This sets an end to farmers working as mayors in addition to their main job.

1892
The first official post agency is established, run by village mayor Pfähler in his own house. His wife is a private assistant. Wilhelm Bärlin, the town messenger, delivers the mail.

1893
Foundation of the male choral society on the suggestion of  Pfähler.

1899
After a long period of efforts by Pfähler, Erdmannhausen is connected  to the Württemberg railway network. The stop Erdmannhausen-Rielingshausen is finally opened along the line from Backnang to Marbach.

1906
On 25 November, the Protestant-Methodist chapel in Kirchstrasse is inaugurated to serve  the 36 Methodists in Erdmannhausen. After the Second World War, several reconstructions are made, and in 2001, it is extended.

1910
On Pfähler’s instigation, the cooperative “Murr-Elektrizitätswerk”, i.e. a power station on the river Murr, is established for the construction of a power station situated between the mill of Kirchberg and the New Mill of Burgstall. Erdmannhausen is affiliated by contract. But the construction of the power station never materializes.

1911
The contracts of the Murr power station are passed over to the power station Beihingen-Pleidelsheim. But Erdmannhausen receives its electricity from the “Esslinger Neckarwerke”. Only twelve sites are supplied with light, e.g. the town hall and the school.
The “SPD-Arbeiterverein”, i.e. the association of Workers of the Social Democrats., is founded.
 
1914
Because of the water shortage in Erdmannhausen, Pfähler strives towards an access to the water supply of the state of Württemberg established two years before. Due to the prejudices of the town council and the citizen’s committee, his efforts shipwreck despite counseling by specialists from Stuttgart.

1914-1918
First World War
  • Food rationing.
  • Because of their precious metal, the organ-pipes of the church and both church bells have to be given away for military use in spring 1917.
  • During the war, nine war bonds are issued by the German Empire. They yield 98 billion German Marks which are used to meet 60 % of the charges of the war. Even the Erdmannhausen church council was influenced  by the propaganda for the financial support of the war. They sign bonds three times, each worth 2,000 German Marks.
  • 51 citizens of Erdmannhausen do not return from the battlefields.
1926
Creation of the volunteer fire department.

1931
Official opening of the “Arbeiterheim”, i.e. the home for workers, built by the workers’ association.

1933
Beginning of Nazi rule.
  • Wilhelm Borth is elected mayor on 21 January. Since 1930, he has been a member of the NSDAP, i.e. the National Socialist German Workers’ Party.
  • With ostentation members of the SA seize the “Arbeiterheim” in March.
  • Piemonteserstrasse is renamed Hindenburgstrasse and Schulstraße Adolf-Hitler-Sraße.
  • In June, the SPD is prohibited and dissolved.
1934
After the death of Hindenburg, the president of the German Reich, the town councils and the civil servants of the town are sworn in on the person of Adolf Hitler.
Pastor Dr. Wilhelm Oehler becomes an opponent to Nazi ideology. As a member of the “Bekennende Kirche”, i.e. the protestant Confessing Church, he fights against the “Deutsche Christen”, i.e. the German Christians, who intend to create a national church in line with  Nazi ideology.

1935
The former autonomy of the municipalities of Württemberg, extensively eliminated already in 1933, finally comes to an end with the “Deutsche Gemeindeverordnung”, i.e. the German Municipal Ordinance, on 30 January. Six members of the NSDAP are nominated town councillors, who are appointed by agreement of the mayor. They are his consultants. He alone is the responsible leader of the municipality being assisted by two town councillors, confidants of the NSDAP.

1937 
Official opening of the open air swinning pool in Bahnhofstrasse. 30 years later, it will be closed because of sanitary deficits.

1938
The 64 governing district authorities established in 1806 are abolished. The district authority of Marbach ends, and from now on the city of Marbach and Erdmannhausen belong to the district of Ludwigsburg.
Official opening of the “NSV-Kindertagestätte”, i.e. a day-care centre for children built by the Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt, the Nazi welfare organization, in Affalterbacher Straße. The nursery teacher has to parent the children according to the Nazi axioms, especially concerning emotional engagement.

1939-1945
Second World War.
  • Food rationing.
  • From 1940 on, 20 French prisoners of war are housed in Erdmannhausen. They are treated well by the farmers they work with. 
  • From 1940 to 1941, three citizens of Erdmannhausen fall victim to the so-called “Euthanasie”, an euphemism for the murder of mentally disordered and handicapped people. They are gassed in Grafeneck and Hadamar. In 1945, two further citizens are killed in Zwiefalten and Winnenden.
  • From 1941 on, Russian men and women have to work in the stone quarry as “foreign workers”. They are treated quite well, at least most of the time.
  • On 7 April, 1945, an American hedgehopper attack kills two citizens and causes the destruction of several houses in the area of the Biegel.
  • The town is supposed to be evacuated, but mayor Gneitung resists the order of the local NSDAP leader to do so. 
  • Before the German troops withdraw on 20 April, they blow up the Schweißbrücke built in 1863. The small railway station is destroyed by American artillery fire. Two citizens die during this attack.
  • After the withdrawal of the German soldiers, Americans occupy Erdmannhausen the following day.
  • By the end of the Second World War, 138 citizens of Erdmannhausen have died or are missed.
1945
On 22 May, the former NSV day-care centre  is reopened as a municipal kindergarten. Two further ones are opened in Goethestrasse in 1971 and in Kirchenfeldstrasse in 1991.

1946
In January, the first free election for a town council takes place after the war. The following persons win a mandate: of the SPD Albert Kienzle, Ernst Ruoff, Ernst Bay, Robert Glock, Emil Jenner, Paul Bauer and Emil Bauer; and of the DVP (i.e. Liberal Democratic People’s Party): Otto Stegmaier, Albert Jenner, Eugen Stegmaier, Karl Reiner and  Karl Kleinknecht.

1948
Ernst Trefz wins the first election for mayor after the war. During this time of reconstruction, he renders outstanding services to the municipality. In December, 1963, he unexpectedly dies after an accident. The Erdmannhausen coat of arms is engraved on his gravestone.

1946/49
During the post-war years, the number of inhabitants increases from 1,500 to approx. 2,000 mainly due to the refugees from the former parts of the German Reich in the East.

1950

The Schweißbrücke is reconstructed and reopened. It replaces the temporary wooden bridge built in 1945.

1954
On 2 January, the new building of the Volksschule, i.e. the basic primary and secondary school, is inaugurated in Goethestraße. In 1960 and 1995, two further buildings are officially opened. Today, the "Astrid-Lindgren-Schule" is a Grundschule (primary school).

1963
The reallocation of agricaltural land begins. Rudolf Stegmeier, a farmer and councilman, heads the participants.

1964
A municipal sewage works is put into operation near the Bugmühle. In 1998, the municipality is attached to the “Zweckverband Guppenklärwerk Haldenmühle“ (Marbach), which means the end of the sewage works run by the municipality.
 
1967
The old city hall is pulled down. The new town hall is built directly next to where the old one stood in Pflasterstrasse. It  is inaugurated on 4 November.

1968
Erdmannhausen joins the association “Landeswasserversorgung“, i.e. the water supply of the state of Württemberg.

1971
At the beginning of the year, the supply of water starts.
The Catholic Church is inaugurated on 2 November. Until 1900, not a single Catholic lived in Erdmannhausen. But after the end of the Second World War, numerous Catholics moved here..

1972 - 1974
During the municipal reform, mayor Siegfried Menner, elected in 1972, fights against the incorporation of Erdmannhausen into Marbach. He is supported by the town council and a citizen’s committee of 13. Two hearings of the citizens in 1973 and at the beginning of 1974 prove that 90 % of the citizens are against the amalgamation with Marbach. Menner is also supported by three Württemberg State parliamentary groups and the Administration Reform Board. In the end, the “Landtag”, i.e. Württemberg parliament, declares Erdmannhausen to remain autonomous (summer of 2004).

1973

Dedication of the school gym on 14 July. The following Sunday, there is an open day.

1984
On 10 May, the fire department gets a modern depot in Blumenstraße.

1989 
Official opening of the multi-purpose hall “Halle auf der Schray“ near Affalterbacher Straße. It replaces the far too small club house of the GSV, the former home of the workers, and the attached gym built in 1957.

1997
Dedication of the nursing home “Kleeblatt” in Simanowizweg.

2003
Dedication of the youth centre “Calypso“ near the “Halle auf der Schray”.

2004
On 14 March, a little ceremony accompanies the official opening of the cemetery funeral parlor.
Mayor Menner retires after a 32 years in office.

2007
The reconstruction of the town hall, which has been started in 1967 by mayor Menner in the course of the “Ortskernsanierung II”, i.e. the development of the town centre, is finished by his successor, Mayor Lutz Schwaigert, and the town council. The ceremonial dedication takes place on 25 April. The town hall is finally handed over to the citizens of Erdmannhausen during the open day on Sunday, 29 April.




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